Radon

Radon is colorless, odorless, and tasteless.  The only way to know if your home has elevated levels of radon is to test for it.  While it is naturally found outdoors, the way we build and live in our homes allow it to build up to dangerous levels inside.

Radon is the leading cause of cancer among non-smokers.  It is responsible for approximately 21,000 deaths each year in the United States.  The only way to know if your home has elevated levels of radon is to test for it. 

 
* Radon is estimated to cause about 21,000 lung cancer deaths per year, according to EPA's 2003 Assessment of Risks from Radon in Homes (EPA 402-R-03-003). The numbers of deaths from other causes are taken from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2005-2006 National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Report and 2006 National Safety Council Reports.

Click here for Live Green & Healthy Public Service Announcement!

Listen to Eddie's Story. 
In Eddie's Story, the winner of EPA's 2008 "Test, Fix, Save a Life" video contest, lung cancer survivor Eddie Metcalfe shares his personal story, a powerful call to action for every American home to be tested for radon. Listen to: “Eddie’s Story”by Benjamin Schultz and Michael Gentilini, share it with your friends, and please have your home tested. Click here.

Dr. Oz discusses the #1 Cancer Risk at Home.  Watch the Dr. Oz Show (February 10, 2011).  Parts 1 and 2 are available via his website

For physicians. 
Click here to watch the video "Breathing Easier" and what you can do to educate your patients about radon. 

Radon is a radioactive gas that originates from the decay of uranium naturally found in the soils. 




The health risk associated with radon is listed in the table below.

 Radon Levela
 Lifetime Risk of Lung Cancer Death (per person) from Radon Exposure in Homesb
 pCi/LNever Smokers
Current Smokersc
 General Population
 20 36 out of 1,000
 26 out of 100 11 out of 100
 10 18 out of 1,000
 15 out of 100 56 out of 1,000
 8 15 out of 1,000 12 out of 100 45 out of 1,000
 4 7 out of 1,000 62 out of 1,000 23 out of 1,000
 2 37 out of 10,000
 32 out of 1,000 12 out of 1,000
 1.25 23 out of 10,000 20 out of 1,000 73 out of 10,000
 0.4 73 out of 100,000
 64 out of 10,000  23 out of 10,000
a Assumes constant lifetime exposure in homes at these levels.
b Estimates are subject to uncertainties as discussed in Chapter VIII of the risk assessment.
c Note:  BEIR VI did not specify excess relative risks for current smokers.

The average indoor level of radon in the United States if 1.4 pCi/L.  The average indoor radon level in Iowa is 8.5 pCi/L, more than six times the national average.  The United States' Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends that when radon levels are above 4 pCi/L, that you take action to reduce the level of radon in your home.  There is no safe level of radon.  EPA also recommends that you consider taking action when levels are between 2 to 4 pCi/L, weighing the cost of mitigation versus the potential health risk.  The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended a level of 2.7 pCi/L as the level to take action. 

How do I test my home? 
Testing your home is cheap and easy.  Do-it-yourself test kits can purchased through
Linn County Healthy HomesCLICK HERE
Do-it-yourself test kits can also be purchased at Linn County Public Health, 501 13th Street NW, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.  At this time, only cash or checks are accepted.  If you have any questions on how to use the test kits, please contact us at (319) 892-6000. 

The Iowa Department of Public Health has informative resources available here. The US Environmental Protection Agency has many good and informative resources available here

The information on the pages below may also be helpful.